Manufacturing Jobs Returning
By : Jim Pinto,
By : Jim Pinto,
The great rush to outsource jobs to lower-cost countries is slowing down. Offshore outsourcing decisions are being reversed as U.S. businesses recognize that cheap, exploited foreign labor is only a short-term expedient. This "re-shoring" trend is likely to grow, and offshoring repatriation is an encouraging sign.
The great rush to outsource jobs to lower-cost countries on the other side of the globe appears to be slowing down.
The actual number of jobs outsourced offshore will continue to creep up, but especially in the United States, the new wave of outsourcing and relocating jobs is happening at home. Leading the reverse trend are the kinds of jobs that are considered core to the business, requiring higher skills and training than what is typically available offshore. Some high-level jobs that were originally sent offshore brought poor results - those jobs are coming back first.
A decade ago, when consultants such as Boston Consulting Group insisted that not outsourcing offshore was tantamount to missing out on a major strategic benefit, many kinds of jobs were moved offshore. As the American economy tightened, offshoring became a rush, to generate what was thought to be immediate cost-benefits.
But now, many companies are reversing earlier offshore outsourcing decisions, for skilled jobs as well as regular manufacturing work. U.S. businesses are recognizing that cheap, exploited foreign labor is only a short-term expedient. The recent lead-based paints and tainted-milk scares in China, and similar problems in other countries, brought this recognition: If other countries had to comply with the same environmental laws and safety regulations, the costs would substantially increase.
Meantime, Chinese labor costs are rising about 15 percent to 20 percent a year. That makes producing goods in China not nearly as cheap as it used to be. For many manufacturers, that narrowing is enough to tip the balance back to U.S. plants. This led them to question whether some work could be outsourced closer to home where inflation is low and the economic climate is more predictable. There are domestic outsourcing alternatives that are both financially sound and good for American workers.
And BCG too is reversing earlier advice: When currency fluctuations and rising wages in emerging markets are factored in, the United States is becoming a lot more attractive. Beyond just high-tech jobs, many American businesses are bringing jobs home again.
Here are some examples:
As the cost gaps narrow in the coming years, this "re-shoring" trend is likely to grow. In American job markets where hiring has been stalled, offshoring repatriation is an encouraging sign.
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